Young twigs thin and usually pendulous. Betula populifolia: branches spreading to ascending, staminate aments usually solitary, and carpellate aments mostly 10-25 x 6-8 mm (vs. B. pendula, with branches on mature trees usually pendulous, staminate aments mostly in pairs, and carpellate aments mostly 23-40 x 8-11 mm). Wood - soft, light, durable. 25 m. 82 f. Are you a gardener or a landscape architect? It is the National Tree of Finland. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. If the germination is poor, raising the temperature by covering the seed with glass can help[134]. Young twigs thin and usually pendulous. It makes an excellent nurse tree for seedling trees, though its fine branches can cause damage to nearby trees when blown into them by the wind. Since it is relatively short-lived and intolerant of shade, it is eventually out-competed by these trees[17, 186]. Betula pendula, which occurs in the wild all over central Europe, varies very little in shape and size. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Only just cover the seed and place the pot in a sunny position[78, 80, 134]. Alder, European alder , Common Alder, Black Alder, Grey Alder, Speckled alder, Thinleaf alder, White Alder, Cherry Birch, Sweet birch, Black Birch, Cherry Birch, River Birch, Black Birch, Red Birch, Water Birch, River Birch, Paper Birch, Mountain paper birch, Kenai birch. dont do this often, it will destroy the tree. The bronze birch borer is common east of the Cascades but was essentially unknown in western Oregon before 2003; now it is becoming an increasing problem in the Portland area and Corvallis. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. A pioneer species, it readily invades old fields, cleared or burnt-over land and creates conditions suitable for other woodland trees to become established. Its papery-white bark - almost pink in young trees - distinguishes it from the downy birch ( Betula pubescens ) which has reddish bark that turns grey with age and is usually found in wetter habitats in the uplands. Silver birch, European white birch. A decoction of the leaves and bark is used for bathing skin eruptions[4]. Special Features: An infusion of the leaves is used in the treatment of gout, dropsy and rheumatism, and is recommended as a reliable solvent of kidney stones[4]. It makes a pleasant drink[115]. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most of Europe, including Britain, south and east to Morocco, W. Siberia and central Asia. It is used for a wide range of purposes including furniture, tool handles, toys and carving[13, 100, 238]. It is used by artists, painters etc[13]. However, prolonged or heavy tapping will kill the tree[115]. Genus. Can you direct me towards a supplier of silver birch sap please. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. 3. it is gentle, and very harmless in operation within the body, and exceedingly sharpens the Appetite, being drunk ante pastum."[269]. or hybrids of both species.The leaves for medicinal use are obtained either from trees that have been cultivated or found in the wild. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. A tea is made from the leaves[15, 161] and another tea is made from the essential oil in the inner bark[21]. pendula 'Youngii' Young's weeping birch Sold by 52 nurseries. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. The Plants Database includes the following 34 species of Betula . logically, you will need to puncture a hole in the container above. pendula (Roth) Aiton Projects: China, IPCN, VPA Common Names: chui zhi hua Flora of China Editorial Committee. Somewhat messy. Germ. These trees eventually out-compete and shade out the birch trees[17, 186]. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. A sweet flavour. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd), College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants, Deciduous broadleaf tree, 40-50(80) ft [12-15(240 m], pyramidal becoming rounded, graceful pendulous branching habit. Average Dried Weight: 40 lbs/ft 3 (640 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.50, .64. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Whitish trunk bark, does not peel as easily as that of. Schneid. Betula pendula subsp. It prefers a well-drained loamy soil in a sunny position[11, 200]. It is a deciduous tree growing to 10 to 20 m (33 to 66 ft) tall (rarely to 27 m), with a slender crown and a trunk up to 70 cm (28 in) (exceptionally 1 m) in diameter, with smooth but dull grey-white bark finely marked with dark horizontal lenticels. Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. Fl. A number of cultivars are available, including types that are cutleaf, weeping or have yellowish or purplish foliage. Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary; Sunny Edge; Edible Parts: Flowers  Inner bark  Leaves  SapEdible Uses: TeaInner bark - cooked or dried and ground into a meal[2, 15, 105]. The family name of birch is far reaching, with relatives all over the globe. Janka Hardness: 1,210 lb f (5,360 N) Modulus of Rupture: 16,570 lb f /in 2 (114.3 MPa) It is waterproof, durable, tough and resinous. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Betula pubescens is commonly known as downy birch, with other common names including moor birch, white birch, European white birch or hairy birch. Both European Birches are exelent for Bow Drill Fire Making.The Catkins boiled up make a strange but nice tea. What are synonyms for Betula pendula? The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, dry - moist. It is most easily removed in late spring to early summer. Betula pendula 'Alba' is a weeping deciduous tree with a beautiful white trunk, pendulous branches and silvery green foliage. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Transplants readily. Betula youngii. Inner bark is generally only seen as a famine food, used when other forms of starch are not available or are in short supply[115, 177, K]. Sun or light shade, best with summer moisture in well-drained soil; will tolerate wet or dry soils. Common Name. We are currently updating this section. The Birch is botanically called Betula pendula. If you have sufficient seed, it can be sown in an outdoor seedbed, either as soon as it is ripe or in the early spring - do not cover the spring sown seed. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database It is harvested in early spring, before the leaves unfurl, by tapping the trunk. It makes a good shoe polish[61]. Phylum: Spermatophyta. afterwords you will need to find a suitable piece of wood to put in the drilled hole so that the tree can heal faster and resist bacteria and fungal diseases. The leaves are anticholesterolemic and diuretic[7]. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at Betula pendula Common name: Silver Birch . Between 4 and 7 litres can be drawn off a mature tree in a day and this will not kill the tree so long as the tap hole is filled up afterwards[115]. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 21582 ) with original publication details: Tent. Young catkins[15]. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. common silver birch. Trees are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200]. Young leaves - raw or cooked[15]. Betula pendula is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate. make sure both containers are well sealed. The flow is best on sunny days following a frost. Not North American native, Attractive flowers or blooms. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. * Important announcements and news Hij heeft normale bladeren die vrij laat afvallen en een witte bast. It is used medicinally and also makes a refreshing tea[21]. var s = '' Bloom Color: Brown. It also has a very wide range of economic uses. Cordage can be made from the fibres of the inner bark[115]. Betula pendula Taxonomy ID: 3505 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid3505) current name. Scientific Name; BEPED: Betula pendula Roth f. dalecarlica (L. f.) C.K. The bark is usually obtained from trees that have been felled for timber and can be distilled at any time of the year[238]. Save Comp. Only the outer bark is removed, this does not kill the tree. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from July to August. Silver Birch, European white birch, Common Birch, Warty Birch, European White Birch, The aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in birch tar are irritating to the skin. Domain: Eukaryota. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. The young leaves and leaf buds are harvested in the spring and dried for later use[238]. Betula alba var. Taxonomic Tree. Spring sown seed should be surface sown in a sunny position in a cold frame[113, 134]. Small, deciduous tree, pendulous, purple-black twigs, bark less white than type. It has fungicidal properties and is also used as an insect repellent[4, 13, 100]. Distribution: Europe and southwest Asia. Vernacular names [edit wikidata 'Betula pendula'] ... all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. in the early spring, when sap has started to flow Betula alba var. Do not use in patients with oedema or with poor kidney or heart functions [301]. Organism. Whitish trunk bark, does not peel as easily as that of B. papyrifera, with age, trunk becomes mostly black. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. bark of a common birch; Common birch, Betula pendula forest in spring; Summer photo of birch trunk with bark as it is; Common blackbird on birch tree; Common blackbird on birch tree; Common redpoll on Birch Branch with a … To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. All plant pages have their own unique code. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter. org/ articles/ betula/ betula-pendula/). Common Name(s): Silver Birch. Betula pendula 'Dalecarlica' Betula pendula 'Elegans pendula' Betula pendula 'Fastigiata' (zuilberk) Sterk zuilvormige boom met gedraaide takken. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. The silver birch is a very ornamental tree[1] with many named varieties[11, 200]. Moxa is made from the yellow fungous excrescences of the wood, which sometimes swell out of the fissures[4]. Scientific Name: Betula pendula. We will not sell or share your email address. Although closely related, it does not usually hybridize with B. pubescens[11]. Betula. Betula pendula Roth. Betula pendula 'Gracilis' Betula pendula 'Laciniata'. you need lots of birch bark which you put into a metal container, and under that metal container you need to put another one (smaller) to where the tar will flow. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Betula pendula … Suitable for drier areas. However, cultivated forms – such as the weeping birch, B. pendula f. tristis - sometimes have different shapes and grow to different heights. When it is sufficiently boil'd, and become cold, add to it three or four Spoonfuls of good Ale to make it work...and when the Test begins to settle, bottle it up . It is occasionally found on calcareous soils in the wild but it generally prefers a pH below 6.5, doing well on acid soils[186]. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. It is also a good companion plant, its root action working to improve the soil[14]. Open woodland and heaths[17, 100]. Genus Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring. and how to tapp the tree, the name of tools to do the tapping? The sap can be fermented into a beer. Betula pendula , or European White Birch, has a pyramidal form when young, more oval as it matures, and is noted for its white bark, which exfoliates in papery strips, and for its drooping or pendulous branches. It can be added as a thickener to soups etc or can be mixed with flour for making bread, biscuits etc. Antonyms for Betula pendula. 4: 1–453. Betula pendula Roth is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Betula (family Betulaceae ). light a fire all around the container with birch bark and let it burn for at least an hour. This QR Code is unique to this page. Family: Betulaceae. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the website on their phone. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. For a list of references used on this page please go here. Details B. pendula is an elegant medium-sized deciduous tree with slender drooping twigs. An oil similar to Wintergreen oil (obtained from Gaultheria procumbens) is obtained from the inner bark[21, 61]. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. The German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal medicine, approve Betula species for infections of the urinary tract, kidney and bladder stones, rheumatism (see [302] for critics of commission E). Schneid. You will receive a range of benefits including: We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. The young branches are very flexible and are used to make whisks, besoms etc[6]. The vernal sap is diuretic[4]. Wildwood Survival good for becoming a part of the Forest. Noteworthy Characteristics. 1: 405 1788 . drill a small whole into the trunk about 0,5m from the ground. It is a fast growing tree, increasing by up to 1 metre a year, but is short-lived[17, 200]. ... Betula verrucosa EHRH. A very easily grown plant, it tolerates most soils including poor ones[1, 24], sandy soils[188] and heavy clays. This inner bark can also be separated into thin layers and used as a substitute for oiled paper[4]. Foliage deep reddish purple in spring, more bronze by summer, and bronze-green or even copper-orange in fall. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. Synonyms: Betula verrucosa, Betula alba. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. 2 - this 'oil' is actually tar. Genus: Betula. Preferred Common Name. pendula (Roth) W.T.Aiton. Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a light position in a cold frame[78, 80, 113, 134]. The bark is diuretic and laxative[7]. Latin name: Betula pendula Common name: Silver birch. Rarely found on chalk[17]. It is often concentrated into a syrup by boiling off the water[2, 9, 13, 15, 177]. Species. . BEVE2: Betula verrucosa Ehrh. Common names. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Subphylum: Angiospermae. does anyone have pictures of the tree being used in all the ways above? Flora of China (Cycadaceae through Fagaceae). 2. The resin glands (the report does not say where these glands are found) are used to make a hair lotion[226]. Another report says that an essential oil is obtained from the bark and this, called 'Russian Leather' has been used as a perfume[245]. Betula pendula is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate. Synonyms for Betula pendula in Free Thesaurus. It often hybridizes with B. pubescens according to another report[186]. The leaves are a good addition to the compost heap, improving fermentation[14]. Betula pendula. Family: Betulaceae. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. An oil obtained from the inner bark is astringent and is used in the treatment of various skin afflictions, especially eczema and psoriasis[4, 238]. Preferred Scientific Name. like how to take the bark off, and how to obtaine the oil from the bark, Birch leaf is the common name for the leaves of the tree Betula pendula Roth and/or Betula pubescens Ehrh. Patrick Breen, If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. No more details are given. dont have photos but I believe I can shine some light here: Betula verrucosa Ehrh. An old English recipe for the beer is as follows:- "To every Gallon of Birch-water put a quart of Honey, well stirr'd together; then boil it almost an hour with a few Cloves, and a little Limon-peel, keeping it well scumm'd. The inner bark is bitter and astringent, it is used in treating intermittent fevers[4]. Accessed 2020-12-26. Origin: native A brown dye is obtained from the inner bark A glue is made from the sap[2, 9, 13, 15]. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring.Form: Oval, Pyramidal, Weeping. Here in the UK, we have two siblings which are native to our lands. Silver-white bark and slighly pendulous branches. B. pendula. It is often one of the first trees to colonize open land and it creates a suitable environment for other woodland trees to follow[17]. Betula pendula 'Alba'. It is noted for attracting wildlife. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. 3 synonyms for Betula pendula: common birch, European white birch, silver birch. Landscape Uses:Firewood, Specimen. Scientific name: Betula pendula. Like all siblings, the sister Betula pendula looks quite similar to her brother, but she has a noticeable femininity to her appearance. The buds are balsamic[7]. Fairly wind tolerant[200] though it becomes wind shaped when exposed to strong winds[K]. Common Name(s): European white birch [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Kingdom: Plantae. Common birch - latin name - betula pendula. Hardy to USDA Zone 2    This species occurs naturally throughout most of Europe, where it is known as Silver Birch, and is an important source of hardwood in northern countries. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 5 - 25 m (16 - 82 ft) high. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Anticholesterolemic  Antiinflammatory  Antirheumatic  Antiseborrheic  Antiseptic  Astringent  Bitter  Cholagogue  Diaphoretic  Diuretic  Laxative  Lithontripic  Miscellany  SkinAnti-inflammatory, cholagogue, diaphoretic[21, 165, 201]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for at least their first winter. They are also used in thatching[13, 100] and to make wattles[4]. A good plant to grow near the compost heap, aiding the fermentation process[14, 20]. Trees take about 15 years from seed to produce their own seed[98]. Sap - raw or cooked. A decoction of the inner bark is used to preserve cordage[115], it contains up to 16% tannin[178, 223]. This species and its selections (e.g., 'Youngii') are considered susceptible to the bronze birch borer, especially if under stress, e.g., grown without summer moisture. Grow the plants on in the seedbed for 2 years before planting them out into their permanent positions in the winter[78, 80, 113, 134]. A high quality charcoal is obtained from the bark. Deciduous broadleaf tree, 40-50 (80) ft [12-15 (240 m], pyramidal becoming rounded, graceful pendulous branching habit. Recommended citation 'Betula pendula' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. Join now. thank you. The young shoots and leaves secrete a resinous substance which has acid properties, when combined with alkalis it is a tonic laxative[4]. Right plant wrong place. You can unsubscribe at anytime. Betula pendula. Similar Photos See All. Vernacular names [edit wikidata ... Betula pendula during winter at night Betula in autumn Betula: Wood B. pendula longitudinal section with false heartwood ... all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Abbreviation. As is the case with paper birch (B. papyrifera), this tree is noted for its white bark, which exfoliates in papery strips. Betula pendula: translation. It is also present in central-northern Asia, from Caucasus through Siberia, up into China and Japan. Learn more about our gardening and landscaping website designs. Other common names Young's weeping birch Family Betulaceae Genus Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs. 3 - tap the tree in the early spring, that is the only time when its possible to obtain the sugary birch liquid.